Château Ducru-Beaucaillou: Bernard de Nogaret de La Valette

In terms of his ownership of the Beychevelle estate, Jean-Louis was succeeded by one of his four sons, Bernard de Nogaret de La Valette (1592 – 1661). Like his father, Bernard forged a career for himself in the military, and he acquitted himself well in several sieges and battles during the 1620s and 1630s. He successfully repressed a peasants’ revolt, the Insurrection des Croquants, in April 1637, and he was subsequently ordered by the Henri II de Bourbon (1588 – 1646), Prince de Condé to lead an assault at the Siege of Fuenterrabía in 1638. He refused, and this ultimately led to his having to flee the country.

Château Ducru-Beaucaillou

Bernard had, it seems, been framed. Having rejected his orders, he ceded his command to Henri d’Escoubleau de Sourdis (1593 – 1645), a naval commander but also Archbishop of Bordeaux, who led the attack, during which he suffered heavy losses. It was a military disaster, and Cardinal Richelieu (1585 – 1642), who reputedly despised Bernard, set out to ensure he took the blame rather than his archbishop.

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