Loire Valley Frost 2016: Technical & Economic Report
I received this morning this report from InterLoire, the inter-professional organisation representing much of the Loire Valley, namely the Nantais, Anjou, Saumur and Touraine regions, with a few notable exceptions including Bourgueil, Montlouis and Nicolas Joly, clearly an appellation unto himself.
The frost that hit the Loire Valley on April 26th/27th was very severe, with widespread damage done. The damage was not, however, universal. The report provides some detail on which regions were worst affected and what the likely outcome will be, as well as describing what economic measures have been taken. I don’t usually reproduce press releases, but there was some information here from a central and reliable (if admittedly spin-prone) source that I thought would be of interest to many.
What follows comes from InterLoire. Some phrases I have highlighted in bold.
Frost in the Loire Valley
Technical Report and Economic Measures
The Loire Valley vineyards were severely hit by late April frosts, in some areas, temperatures dipped as low as –6°C. On Friday May 20th, Interloire called a meeting of Loire Valley wine professionals to take stock of the situation and decide on the measures they need to implement.
LOSSES ESTIMATED AT 20 – 30% OF HARVEST – WITH CONSIDERABLE DISPARITIES
Having looked at the studies carried out by winegrowers’ federations, the ODG and the Chambers of Agriculture, Interloire’s Technical Committee reports that at this stage, overall losses can be estimated at 20-30% of an average year’s harvest (1.9 million hl).
The picture is variable, however, with huge disparities between different vineyards and areas. Worst affected are the vineyards of Touraine, Nantais and Sarthe, with losses of up to 80% in some communes. The Presidents of the Loire Valley’s Winegrowers’ Federations report that “some areas have been very badly affected. The ODG stepped in quickly, setting up crisis centres in the worst-hit areas.”
We will have to wait until flowering starts at the end of June before we can give a more accurate estimate of harvest levels and assess the impact frost damage will have on the year’s vintage.
Due to market interest in Loire Valley wines and low harvests in recent years, wine stocks are currently at their lowest ever level (7 months in 2015). “The situation is serious,” warns InterLoire President Gérard Vinet. The Loire Valley works on a ‘just-in-time’ basis, and it is imperative that we introduce a collective strategy to regulate sales.” The Committee for Marketing, Economics and Forecasting chaired by Laurent Menestreau is planning to hold a meeting for all relevant parties in the near future.
In terms of sales, 2016 will be relying on the excellent 2015 vintage to supply volumes. In 2017 the picture is likely to be more varied, depending on the company and product concerned. Appellations with volumes of over 100,000 hl and which suffered less impact – Cabernet d’Anjou, Rosé-d’Anjou, Crémant-de-Loire and Vouvray – should be able to meet demand. Those which were badly hit – Muscadet, Chinon, Saint-Nicolas-de-Bourgueil or Touraine for example, we will look at on a case-by-case basis, as each situation is so different. Following the discussions, however, Bernard Jacob, vice-president of InterLoire and president of UMVL (an association of Loire Maisons de Négoce) was reassuring: “The Loire Valley is ready and willing to supply the markets without introducing price rises which may lead to destabilisation.”
INSTITUTIONS OFFERING SUPPORT
A number of support measures have been announced; among them, FranceAgriMer and the Regions have pledged financial support for the study and provision of frost protection equipment. Meanwhile, the Federations have approached public authorities and institutions regarding insurance, partial unemployment benefits for employees and financial concessions for 2017.
As the meeting finished, Gérard Vinet summed up: “At a time when we are revitalising our image, making wines our consumers love and enjoying excellent market positioning, the Loire Valley’s wine professionals have rallied to find ways of supporting those Loire businesses which have been worst affected. Meanwhile we continue to respond favourably to demand.” All solutions will be carefully scrutinised, and industry professionals will be kept informed so that they can continue to sustain their growth and development.